Form 3 Year Exam

What were the causes of the Second World War?

Germany and Italy were discontented with the results of the Paris Peace Settlements. The Great Depression created the opportunity for the rise of totalitarianism in Italy and Germany.
Britain and France responded to the aggression of the Axis Powers with appeasement. The policy only made the invaders more aggressive. The aggression of the Axis Powers led to the Second World War. Germany invaded Poland started the Second World War.

What is the meaning of the Cold War?

The term "Cold War" refers to the struggle between communist and democratic countries from 1947 to 1991. America and its allies againist the Soviet Union and its allies. Though there was no direct fighting, there were economic conflicts, armament race and local wars. The Cold War created tensions in international relations and threatened world peace. In December 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed. The Cold War ended.